Series forms part of Helen Creighton fonds and consists of audio reels, audio discs, audio cassettes, audio cartridges, and cylinder recordings compiled in the course of Creighton's field work. Creighton first began recording her informants on wax cylinder ca. 1930-1932. Previous to 1930, transcriptions were done by hand. The majority of field recordings comprising the series were compiled in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick during her association with the Library of Congress (1943-1944), joint Library of Congress-National Museum sponsorship (1947-1948), and sole National Museum sponsorship (1949-1967). Recordings consist of folk tales and over 4000 songs and ancient ballads sung or narrated by Creighton's informants of Gaelic ancestry in Cape Breton, Acadians, Mi'kmaq, African-Nova Scotians, and other ethnic groups such as English, German, Latvian, and Maori. Recordings include: Mi'kmaq songs sung by Chief William Paul at Shubenacadie, Acadian songs from West Pubnico, German songs and stories from Halifax and Lunenburg counties, and stories of ghosts, superstitions, witchcraft, and buried treasure. Other recordings accumulated by Creighton include military bands from World War Two, Meet the Navy show, nature sounds, general history, published sound recordings including Maritime, Canadian and international folk music, compilations of her previous recordings, her radio and television broadcasts for CBC and CHNS, recordings by others (some commercial) using Helen Creighton material, and some unidentified field recordings. Series also includes videocassettes and films produced for CBC, NFB, ATV, and the province of Nova Scotia.