Fonds MG 1, vol. 1688A (use microfilm reels 14 998) - Charles and John Inglis fonds

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Charles and John Inglis fonds

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MG 1, vol. 1688A (use microfilm reels 14 998)

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8 cm of textual records

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Biographical history

Charles Inglis was born in 1743 in the Republic of Ireland, the son of the Rev. Archibald Inglis. He was privately educated and in the early 1750s immigrated to the American colonies. There he taught at a Church of England school at Lancaster, Pa. He was then admitted to holy orders in England and began his career in the Church of England. He served in various capacities before he was named as the first Bishop of Nova Scotia in 1787. A year later he was instrumental in founding King's College at Windsor, as a school to train clergy. He married in 1764 Mary Vining of Salem County, N.J. Following her death he married Margaret Crooke of Ulster County, N.Y. in 1773. The couple had four children, including John who went on to replace his father as Bishop of Nova Scotia. Inglis entered into semi-retirement in 1795 and left Halifax for Windsor and a year later removed to an estate in Aylesford where he died on 24 February 1816.

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Biographical history

John Inglis, son of Charles Inglis, first bishop of Nova Scotia, and Margaret (Crooke), was born at New York, N.Y. on 9 December 1777. He moved with his family to Nova Scotia and was educated at King's College, Windsor, co-founded by his father. In 1798 he became his father's private secretary and took the first of several extended trips to England. He received an MA in 1801 from Oxford on recommendation of the archibishop of Canterbury. On his return to Nova Scotia, Inglis was ordained by his father as a deacon in 1801and priest in 1802. He was then appointed missionary to Aylesford and also assumed the offices of official secretary and ecclesiastical commissary which he held until 1816. Inglis served as rector of St. Paul's Church, Halifax, for several years until his consecration as third Bishop of Nova Scotia on 27 March 1825. Inglis was also active in the affairs of King's College and was instrumental in opening the institution to non-Anglicans. He died 27 October 1850 at London, England. Married to Elizabeth Cochran (Cochrane) on 31 August 1802, they had eight children.

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Fonds consists of an Act Book, also entitled "..Register of the Diocese of Nova Scotia and its Dependeces", kept from the time of Bishop Charles Inglis' consecration in 1787 until 18 September 1810. The book contains the names and particulars of men he ordained to the ministry and which parish the minister was licensed to serve in. There is a gap in the book until 1825-1826 when it was kept by his son, Bishop John Inglis, who also included additional notes, 1829-1837. The Act Book also contains rough copies of letters and documents drafted by Charles Inglis before they were forwarded to the addressee, usually officers of state, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, and two letters written by John Inglis when he acted as commissary to his father. There are also copies of documents by Charles Inglis relating to the proposal to consecrate bishops for the United States, copies of letters he wrote to the commission appointed by Parliament in London stating the losses he sustained as a Loyalist, and a copy of the deed of endowment of St. Pauls Church, Halifax, 1771.

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Available on microfilm.

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A few original letters written by John Inglis to his son Charles are found in the Kennedy B. Wainwright fonds (MG 1 vol. 1739).

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General note

Typescripts of original records held at Lambeth Palace Library are available (MG 1, vols. 479-480A). The originals were lent to the Nova Scotia Historical Society and the Public Archives of Canada for copying in 1911 by the Rev. Rupert Edward Inglis of Kent, England, a grandson of Bishop John Inglis. Additional microfilmed records and photocopies of Inglis correspondence, diaries, and geneaology available (MG 1 vol. 2430).

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